Wood Flooring Reference | Wood + Lumber Glossary | Stone Glossary
Grades and Finishes
Wood Flooring Grades
Conservation Grade is our most popular. It is milled from high grade lumber from the best mills and is a Select Grade with added character. Slight color variation and selected knots add warmth and beauty to the floor, as well as define appropriate personality – generally offered in longer lengths.
Select and Better Grade
Select Grade Wood Flooring is more uniform with sound knots less than 1/8″ x 1″. Also included are minimal character marks, such as small knots, worm holes, and mineral streaks, as well as slightly open characters. The combination creates a floor where the light sapwood and dark heartwood are combined with small characters and other small color interruptions.
Clear Grade Wood Flooring contains little to no knots or pinholes or other imperfections and is composed mostly of heart wood. This results in a relatively consistent overall color, clean appearance, and mild character.
Rustic Grade Wood Flooring are generally for those who want heavy character. These floors will typically come in shorter lengths. Beautiful mix of natural colors (heartwood and sapwood). Mineral marks and piling marks are accepted. Knots of up to 3/4″ are filled. Splits, checks are accepted as well.
Wood Flooring Finishes
Unfinished Wood Flooring
Unfinished Solid Wood Flooring is mainly 3/4″ thick and is the most common. It offers the ability for staining and many sandings as needed over the decades of use – solid wood floors are usually finished in-home.
Prefinished Wood Flooring
Prefinished Flooring makes it easier and quicker to install. It’s also helpful to minimize dust in an existing house.
In the past, prefinished was associated with bevels and lower quality but not anymore. See our amazing UV oiled prefinished collections to learn more.
Engineered Wood Flooring
Engineered Wood Flooring is the generally the most stable flooring and sometimes recommended if you are installing below grade (ground level) or high moisture areas. It is a solid wood wear layer glued on top of layers of ply.
The quality of Engineered Wood depends on the thickness of the veneer ply and the origin of the wood (quality of the mill). We are happy to provide you with the best engineered flooring for many species of floors.
Wood Flooring Sawn Styles
Live Sawn Wood
Live Sawn wood is cut by sawing straight through the diameter of the log. It produces a unique character and grain pattern that was seen almost exclusively for centuries.
Rift and Quartered Wood
A Rift & Quartered cut is a combination of quarter and rift sawn strips. It sports a straight grain pattern with flecking throughout for an appearance that is truly unique.
Circle Sawn Wood
Circle Sawn wood has a banded surface texture that is produced by the cut from a circular saw down the log. It gives the floor an authentic antique appearance and can look stunning in the right home.