– Wood Flooring Reference –
Grades and Finishes

Wood Flooring Grades

Conservation Grade

Conservation Grade is our most popular. It is milled from high grade lumber from the best mills and is a Select Grade with added character. Slight color variation and selected knots add warmth and beauty to the floor, as well as define appropriate personality – generally offered in longer lengths.

Select and Better Grade

Select Grade Wood Flooring is more uniform with sound knots less than 1/8″ x 1″. Also included are minimal character marks, such as small knots, worm holes, and mineral streaks, as well as slightly open characters. The combination creates a floor where the light sapwood and dark heartwood are combined with small characters and other small color interruptions.

Clear Grade

Clear Grade Wood Flooring contains little to no knots or pinholes or other imperfections and is composed mostly of heart wood. This results in a relatively consistent overall color, clean appearance, and mild character.

Rustic Grade

Rustic Grade Wood Flooring are generally for those who want heavy character. These floors will typically come in shorter lengths. Beautiful mix of natural colors (heartwood and sapwood). Mineral marks and piling marks are accepted. Knots of up to 3/4″ are filled. Splits, checks are accepted as well.

Wood Flooring Finishes

Unfinished Wood Flooring

Unfinished Solid Wood Flooring is mainly 3/4″ thick and is the most common. It offers the ability for staining and many sandings as needed over the decades of use – solid wood floors are usually finished in-home.

Prefinished Wood Flooring

Prefinished Flooring makes it easier and quicker to install. It’s also helpful to minimize dust in an existing house.

In the past, prefinished was associated with bevels and lower quality but not anymore. See our amazing UV oiled prefinished collections to learn more.

Engineered Wood Flooring

Engineered-vs-solid-wood-plank-diagramEngineered Wood Flooring is the generally the most stable flooring and sometimes recommended if you are installing below grade (ground level) or high moisture areas. It is a solid wood wear layer glued on top of layers of ply.

The quality of Engineered Wood depends on the thickness of the veneer ply and the origin of the wood (quality of the mill). We are happy to provide you with the best engineered flooring for many species of floors.

Wood Flooring Sawn Styles

Live Sawn Wood

Live Sawn wood is cut by sawing straight through the diameter of the log. It produces a unique character and grain pattern that was seen almost exclusively for centuries.

Rift and Quartered Wood

A Rift & Quartered cut is a combination of quarter and rift sawn strips. It sports a straight grain pattern with flecking throughout for an appearance that is truly unique.

Circle Sawn Wood

Circle Sawn wood has a banded surface texture that is produced by the cut from a circular saw down the log. It gives the floor an authentic antique appearance and can look stunning in the right home.

Heavy Sawn Wood

Heavy Sawn boards feature darker-colored diagonal banding produced from the cutting method used at the mill. This produces an aged look and is reminiscent of the texture of centuries-old wood flooring.

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